MINISTRO DEL LAVORO E DELLE POLITICHE SOCIALI
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Working practices and employment

The workers posted in a Member State must receive, at least, a minimum guaranteed protection  to take into account if compared to the work and employment conditions they were used to receive; this concerns  particularly  those workers who performed similar tasks in Italy, as provided for in the legal provisions and the collective labour agreements.

The collective labour agreements we are here considering are the national ones, either territorial or corporate contracts.The National and territorial contracts are stipulated by the most representative National and territorial trade unions associations, whereas the corporate contracts are entered into by the business trade union corporates or by the unitary trade union ( art. 51, Law Decree.. n. 81/2015).

The 2018 Guideline 957, in particular, require Member States to secure the equal treatment to the  workers posted in their territory with respects to the following points:

  • maximum work periods and minimum number of resting days periods;
  • minimum duration of paid  leaves per year;
  • salaries, including overtime rates in case of overtime;
  • conditions for the supply  of workers, in particular the supply of workers by temporary employment undertakings;
  • safety, health protection and hygiene at work
  • measures to protect working  and job conditions of  pregnant workers and those who have recently given birth, children and youngsters;
  • equal treatment between women and men , besides further provisions  in the matter of non- discrimination;
  • conditions of workers accomodation, whenever this is provided by the employer to workers who are serving far away from their usual working place;
  • reimbursement compensation or allowances to cover the expenses  for transfers, board and lodging  incurred by workers who are away from their usual residences for professional reasons.

Below, please find a simplified version of the main measures that represent the “essential core” of the minimum protection that must be granted to the workers posted in Italy.

Maximum work periods and minimum number of resting days period Substantial provisions and sanctions regime concerning the working hours (Law Decree. number. 66/2003). Working hours are normally set at 40 hours per week. The collective agreements set the maximum duration of the weekly working hours, considering the fact that the average time of the working time can not exceed – without exception,  including  eventual overtime, 48 working hours  in a period of 7 working  days.  (provided for in articles 3 and 4, paragraph 1 and 2, Law. Decree number  66/2003). Furthermore, the worker will have the right to stop working and rest for 11 hours in a row , after 24 working hours ( article 7 of the aforementioned Decree) and to rest for at least  24 hours in a row after 7 working days, normally on Sundays; this hours off of duty will  be added to the daily due resting hours ( article 7). The mentioned period  of weekly resting time, is computed on an average period  that will not be  longer than 14 days (article 9 of the mentioned Law.Decree) 

Minimum duration of paid leaves per year

Substantial provisions and sanctions regime concerning the working hours (Law Decree. number 66/2003) The worker is entitled to a period of paid leaves not shorter than four weeks per year.  Except if required by the collective negotiation,  this period must last for at least two weeks, (consecutive if required by the worker), throughout the year;  the residual two weeks must be used within 18 months after the end of the year during which the leaves were completed. The said period (4 weeks, at least) cannot be redeemed by the corresponding  compensation for leaves not taken, unless the employment relatioship  is terminated ( article 10 of the aforementioned Decree)  Generally speaking, the employer is entitled to decide the timing of the leaves, taking into account  the needs of the company’s activities and the workers requirements. (article 2109, paragraph 2, of the civil code).

Basic minimum wage, including rates enhanced  for overtime

  In Italy there is not a basic minimum wage determined by the law. This subject is taken care of and established in the collective labour contracts,  negotiated  by the most representative national trade union organisations, for all the sectors of production, in accordance  with article 36 of the Constitution, that enshrines the right of workers to receive a remuneration proportionate to the quantity and  the quality of the activities performed, such as to allow the worker to live a free and dignified existence.  For what concerns the adequacy of the wage levels, you refer to the Country where the worker is posted, whereas the payment of contribution is due to the worker’s home Country,  given that , as known,  during the period of posting, the worker is still an employee of the posting employer, as confirmed by the Guideline number 957, 2018, too



 

 

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